Remote Sensing and Seismology Authority




Establishment date:  1977

Historical background:

Remote Sensing Authority (RSA) was established in 1977, as a National Remote sensing Center (NRSC) within the National Council for Research, Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. In 1996 the Remote Sensing Center was renamed to Remote Sensing Authority and affiliated to the National Center for Research, Ministry of Science and Technology.

The Seismological Research Unit was established in1995, after that and according to National center for research rule and condition that unit was promoted into the Seismological Research Institute.

In 2013 both RSA and the Seismological Research Institute were merged to one body under the name of Remote sensing and seismology Authority.

RSA is doing research in the field of remote sensing, geo-informatics and GPS technology applications for natural resources, environment and disasters. The Institute provides value-added services in natural resources management, remote sensing, GIS, GPS and technology transfer. 

About 45 full time enrolled candidates are serving the RSA in its different departments. Staff members are of different qualifications (PhD, MSc and BSc) and backgrounds (geology, geography, agriculture, engineering, forestry, computer science, etc.). In addition to the permanent staff, the RSA cooperates with highly qualified local and regional expertise on demand.


  • § Propose space sciences and technology policies for the government
  • § Execute researches in space science and technology fields.
  • § Coordinate the efforts and activities related to space technology making use of local and foreign expertise.
    • § Conduct a scientific research in the application of space technologies (RS and geo-informatics)
    • § Provide training in space technology related fields
    • § Execute researches and studies concerning earthquake and natural sciences
    • § Collect and classify earthquake information in Sudan and neighboring countries and related regions.
    • § Cooperation with neighboring countries and international European center and universities to improve the knowledge of seismological aspects.
    • § Cooperation with internal universities and Institutes to improve the seismological research.
    • § Develop and inform the know-how about seismology.
    • § Provide consultations

Sections and units:

  • § Natural Resources Mapping Department
  • § Early Warning and Disaster Managements Department
  • § Seismology Department  
  • § Space Technologies Department
  • § Geophysics and Geologic Formation Department
  • § Seismology data and information unit
  • § Training unit

Natural Resources Mapping Department:

v   Construction and development knowledge of remote sensing and geographic information systems and its application in natural resources fields.

v   Research and transfer of technologies and modern methods of remote sensing applications in natural resources management.

v   Developing strategies and methods for the production of basic and thematic maps from various sources of information.

v   The monitoring and follow-up of natural resources during different time periods and evaluates the change and evaluate the environmental impact and create models and scenarios to predict the situation in the future.

v   Working on building a database of natural resources.

v   To assist in the implementation of national projects and consulting.

v   Training and awareness-raising in remote sensing applications and geographic information systems in natural resources.

v   Develop recommendations to help in the development of strategies for natural resources management by decision-makers.

Early Warning and Disaster Managements Department:

v   Build and develop disaster database in Sudan.

v   Build, transfer and familiarize the early warning and disaster prediction and early warning systems.

v   Asses the disasters caused risk and damage.

v   Co-operate with local, regional and international counterpart establishment.

v   Raise the awareness regarding the role of space technologies for risk avoidance and disaster management.

Seismology Department:

v   To conduct researches and studies in the field of seismology and the related physical and applied sciences, and earthquakes information classification.

v   To build earthquakes information database.

v   To enhance the knowledge of seismologic information and its direct relation to the structured projects.

v   To transfer and familiarize seismologic techniques through the activation of the regional and international agreements and protocols.

v   To cooperate with its local, regional, and international counterpart establishments.

Space Technologies Department:

v   Capturing and processing different Remote Sensing Satellite data.

v   Archiving development for Vector and Raster data.

v   Developing of satellite digital image processing in suitable ways for applications in Sudan.

v   Use and fellow applications of GPS techniques.

v   Setting the standards and Quality Assurance for Vector data and Raster images.

v   Dissemination of Space Technology, Capacity building and provision of consults.

Geophysics and Geologic Formations Department:

v   Conduct the geographic and geologic formation studies for all areas that are seismologic active.

v   Perform detailed study of dams and major structures area and to provide the geological information.

v   Introduce new methods for the preparation of geologic and formation maps.

v   Study the relationships of the tectonic, geologic, and seismic formation to the weak areas.

v   Determine the earthquakes nation in Sudan and the neighboring countries.

v   Define the effects of the major and minor earthquakes on the upper earth crust layers.

v   Co-operate with the relevant local, regional, and international counterpart establishments.

Earthquake Data and Information Unit:

v   To analyze the international seismic data received from Vienna Information Center.

v   To produce the information that is related to the locations and types of earthquake at the international level and to classify such data according the internationally adopted scientific standards and specifications.

v   To provide seismic information so as to enrich the scientific research.

Training Unit:

v   To prepare the constituents of the training courses.

v   To coordinate the training courses according to their different types and level.

v   To administer the site of the Remote Sensing and Seismology Authority on the Internet..



On-going Research Projects:

  • Endeavour to control the pastures-induced conflicts within the bordering tangential strip between Sudan and South Sudan using space technologies.
  • RS &GIS application for hydrologic studies at the semi-arid areas in Sudan,  Eltayeb Osman, Environment al studies Institute – RS &GIS University of Khartoum
  • Sudan Geospatial Data Infrastructure (SGDI) Model for Planning &Decision Making, Wala Hassan Musnadm, Sudan Academy of Science


Research Projects held by RSA:

v  Assessment of Urban expansion in Khartoum City 2007

v  Land Degradation assessment and Mapping in Nothern States and El Gazera scheme.2005-2008

v  Khartoum State Natural Resources Database 2008

v  Monitoring Forest degradation and Land Cover changes within Gum Arabic Belt in Kordofan Stae 2008

v  Sudan Drainage Network and Database, 2008. Water harvesting project

v  Landfire monitoring and mapping in Dinder National Park 2009

v  GIS application in utility services

v  Updating and production of topographic maps from remote sensing data

v  Awareness

v  In 2004 RSA organized jointly with UNOOSA in collaboration with ESA a regional workshop in Khartoum Sudan.

v  In 2005 RSA organized jointly with ISNET an international workshop in Khartoum Sudan.

v  In 2010 RSA hosted the fifth meeting of Directors of Remote Sensing Centers in Arab Region.

v  In 2011 RSA hosted UN-SPIDER Technical Advisory Mission and a workshop on the Use Space Technology for Risk and Disaster Management.



  1. Sudan Land Cover, FAO Africover project 2003. The Multipurose Africover Database of the Environment (MADE) was the product of the project.
  2. Mapping and Assessment of Groundwater Resources: AAAID Omdurman Agricultural Project, Sudan, 2003 for AAAID .
  3. Land Use Mapping around Dinder National Park, 2004, for HCENR.
  4. Assessment of land Resources Potentiality for Agricultural Development at Wadi Al-Mugadam Area 2005, for Shiryan Al-Shamal Co.
  5. Flood Prone Area Mapping  Using High Resolution Satellite Images 2006 for River Gash Development project, IFAD
  6. Land Resource Assessment for Land use Planning and Development. for Abyei  Recovery and Rehabilitation Program (ARRP) Intervention Area 2007, for Mercy Corps Organization
  7. Sudan Drainage Network and Database, 2008. Water harvesting project for Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources
  8. Term of Reference for Darfur natural resources database and land use map 2008; consultancy for the World Bank.
  9. Kordofan land resources assessment and database for rangeland management 2009 for western Sudan Program, IFAD project coordination unit
  10. Sudan Land Cover update 2011. The project is implemented by RSA in collaboration with FAO SIFSIA-N.
  11. Sinnar Natural Resources database in collaboration with Sudan Engineering &Digital Information Center

Projects held by the Seismological Institute:

v   Establish the first catalog in the Sudan from the period 1632-1994, the data based on the historical events and data from neighboring countries.

v   The study of seismic  and seismotectonics  of Sudan

v   Seismicity map of Sudan

v   Seismotectonic map of Sudan

v   Study of some basins in Khartoum as one of the project for determines the seismic hazard

v   Study  of the recent earthquake (magnitude4) in Khartoum  in Abodelig area

v   Updating the catalogue until 2005 ( contains data  from  our recent stations)

Societal services:

Education and Training:

RSA involvement in human resource development is remarkable through its participation in the post graduate educational program of RS and GIS under the umbrella of Sudan's Academy of Science. In another fold the RSA provides wide spectrum of training programs:

  • § Short training program (basics of RS and GIS).
  • § Tailor-made training programs.
  • § Special Training Modules (for geography teachers of secondary schools)
  • § Advanced training courses in RS and GIS.

Institutional Capacity Building:

RSA is the focal point for institutional capacity building in remote sensing and GIS. It supports a number of institutes and ministries. RSA services include: Project formulation, image processing, enhancement and analysis, GIS software handling, database management, map design and production and GPS applications. RSA is actively involved in establishment of RS/GIS units within government institutes.


At country level RSA has a signed agreement with:

  • § The Geological Research Authority of Sudan
  • § Ministry of Urban Planning Khartoum State

High level of cooperation with the following institutes:

v  Ministry of Agriculture (National Forest Corporation, Land Use Department)

v  Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources

v  Ministry of Environment ( HCENR, Survey Authority)

v  U of K Institutes IES and DADACS

v  U of K departments Engineering Survey, Geography, Geology, Soil and Environment, Forest and the same with Sudan University

At regional and international level has a signed agreement with:

v  General Organization of Remote Sensing of Syria (GORS).

v  Inter Islamic Network on Space Science and Technology (ISNET).

v  Pakistan Space and Upper Atmospheric Research Commission (SUPARCO).

v  Member of the Arab Assocition of Remote Sensing Centers

v  Focal Point for UNOOSA programs in Space Technology

v  Cooperation and external participation:-

v   Contract cooperation agreement with the Geological Research Authority in the field of geophysical equipment, Seismological data.

v  Cooperation and agreement with the national research institute of astronomy and geophysics, Helwan – Cairo which give chance to data exchange, training course and shared projects and supervision.

v Cooperation with the department of geology university of Khartoum.


P. O. Box 2404 – Khartoum 11113 – SUDAN

Director: Dr.  Amna Ahmed Hamed

Tel:  (+249-183) ) 770176

Fax: (+249-183) ) 772766

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.





  • Last Modified: Monday 30 November 2015, 01:05:25.


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